Skip to main content

Table 1 Upper Extremity Muscle Strength Before and After 52 Weeks on Pioglitazone

From: Effect of pioglitazone treatment in a patient with secondary multiple sclerosis

  Muscle Strength Grade
Muscle Group/Function Before PIO (Baseline) 15 months After PIO 30 months After PIO
  Right Left Right Left Right Left
Hand Flexor Group/Grip 2 3 4 5 4 5
Bicep/Arm Flexion 2 3 4 5 4 5
Tricep/Arm Extension 1 2 4 5 4 5
Shoulder Flexion 1 2 4 5 4 5
Shoulder Abduction 2 3 4 5 4 5
  1. Muscle strength determined using the Oxford Muscle Strength Grading Scale (Grade 0 = No movement; Grade 3 = Completely moves body part against gravity; Grade 5 = Normal)