Experimental design. FA was induced at E17 by clamping the uterine vasculature for 30 min. At term birth, global PA was induced by placing the uterine horns containing the pups in a saline bath (37°C) for 19 min. All animals were delivered by Caesarean section. Pups were killed at five different time points after FA prenatally (n = 5 per group per time point) and six different time points postnatally (n = 4 per group per time point). E= embryonic day, FA= fetal asphyxia, PA= perinatal asphyxia.