Motoneuron survival after avulsion is increased in EAE-induced groups. Motoneuron cell bodies of the normal (contralateral to lesion) side (A), VRA, ipsilateral side (B), VRA+EAE at peak disease, ipsilateral side (C), AVR+EAE-remission phase, ipsilateral side (D). Percentage of spinal motoneurons surviving after ventral root avulsion and immunization (E). Note a significant rescue of lesioned neurons in the EAE-induced groups (* = p < 0.05). Scale bar = 50 μm.