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Figure 3 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Figure 3

From: Vascular endothelial growth factor-A and chemokine ligand (CCL2) genes are upregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in Indian amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients

Figure 3

Fold change in expression of VEGF-A (A) and CCL2 (B) in PBMCs of ALS patients with respiratory dysfunction. Values are plotted as mean ± SE (Standard error) in the bar diagram. Data was analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Fisher's least significant difference (LSD) post hoc test. # indicates significant difference among the groups (p < 0.05). Expression of VEGF-A and CCL2 were normalized to expression of endogenous control b-actin. Basal VEGF-A mRNA expression in normal control group is represented by x-axis in part "A". ALS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; VEGF-A, vascular endothelial growth factor-A; CCL2, chemokine ligand-2; PBMCs, peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

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