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Table 2 Crude and adjusted OR for VEGF-A mRNA

From: Vascular endothelial growth factor-A and chemokine ligand (CCL2) genes are upregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in Indian amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients

  OR (95% CI) p* Adj. OR (95% CI) p*
VEGF-A mRNA     
Smoking 0.8 (0.2-4.3) 0.8 1.1 (0.2-6.3) 0.8
Alcohol consumption 1.0 (0.2-4.3) 0.9 0.9 (0.2-4.5) 0.9
Meat consumption 0.8 (0.2-3.0) 0.8 0.8 (0.2-3.3) 0.8
Never smoking/ 1.0   1.0  
  1. † Univariate logistic regression was used to calculate crude OR. ‡ Multivariate logistic regression was used to adjust the effect of smoking on VEGF-A mRNA levels with alcohol and meat consumption as covariates. Likewise, effect of alcohol and meat consumption on VEGF-A is also adjusted for covariates. *χ2 (chi square test) was used to test the level of significance. ** Never smoking, nonalcoholic and vegetarian diet is considered as reference group. VEGF-A, vascular endothelial growth factor-A; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; Adj, adjusted.