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Figure 1 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Figure 1

From: Indications of Th1 and Th17 responses in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis: a large retrospective study

Figure 1

Cytokine/chemokine levels (pg/mL) in serum and in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Group 1: Confirmed neuroborreliosis (NB), patients with elevated Borrelia-specific antibody index or Borrelia-specific antibodies in CSF and pleocytosis. Group 2: Possible late NB, patients with elevated Borrelia-specific antibody index or Borrelia-specific antibodies in CSF but no pleocytosis. Group 3: Possible early NB, children with CSF pleocytosis but no detectable Borrelia-specific antibodies in CSF. Group 4: Non-NB, patients without pleocytosis and no detectable Borrelia-specific antibodies in CSF. Group 5: Control group, CSF was obtained at spinal anaesthesia from patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery. Bars represent the median cytokine/chemokine level in each group.

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