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Table 1 Serum and CSF mean (± SD) concentrations (pg/mL) of cytokines at A, B and C

From: Changes in serum and cerebrospinal fluid cytokines in response to non-neurological surgery: an observational study

Serum IFN-γ IL-1β IL-2 IL-4 IL-5 IL-8 IL-10 IL-12 IL-13 TNF
A 1.36 ± 1.12 N = 34 0.63 ± 0.06 N = 34 1.20 ± 1.51 N = 34 0.62 ± 0.04 N = 34 1.05 ± 0.91 N = 34 23.98 ± 116.12 N = 34 3.53 ± 4.09 N = 34 3.35 ± 5.02 N = 34 11.81 ± 26.15 N = 34 8.62 ± 3.05 N = 34
B 1.49 ± 1.18 N = 34 0.64 ± 0.12 N = 34 0.95 ± 0.64 N = 34 0.62 ± 0.08 N = 34 1.00 ± 0.08 N = 34 26.86 ± 123.50 N = 34 6.00 ± 7.43 N = 34 3.35 ± 5.10 N = 34 10.96 ± 23.36 N = 34 9.35 ± 3.71 N = 34
C 1.07 ± 0.78 N = 34 0.64 ± 0.12 N = 34 1.16 ± 1.64 N = 34 0.63 ± 0.10 N = 34 1.61 ± 1.51 N = 34 30.19 ± 126.82 N = 34 9.62 ± 7.28 N = 34 3.11 ± 4.60 N = 34 9.54 ± 19.15 N = 34 7.91 ± 2.25 N = 34
Friedman′s statistics χ2 (2) = 5.009 n.s. χ2 (2) = 0.857 n.s. χ2 (2) = 0.364 n.s. χ2 (2) = 0.286 n.s. χ2 (2) = 7.013 P = 0.03* χ2 (2) = 43.304 P <0.001*** χ2 (2) = 49.259 P <0.001*** χ2 (2) = 0.505 n.s. χ2 (2) = 4.047 n.s. χ2 (2) = 9.450 P = 0.009**
Wilcoxon signed rank test P -values      AB n.s. AC P = 0.03* BC P = 0.02* AB P <0.001*** AC P <0.001*** BC n.s. AB P <0.001** AC P <0.001*** BC P <0.001***    AB n.s. AC P = 0.03* BC n.s.
CSF IFN-γ IL-1β IL-2 IL-4 IL-5 IL-8 IL-10 IL-12 IL-13 TNF
A 0.70 ± 0.29 N = 26 0.63 ± 0.10 N = 25 0.63 ± 0.54 N = 25 0.61 ± 0.00 N = 25 0.61 ± 0.00 N = 25 30.40 ± 8.80 N = 25 0.76 ± 0.22 N = 25 0.64 ± 0.13 N = 25 0.61 ± 0.00 N = 25 0.67 ± 0.14 N = 25
B 1.08 ± 0.97 N = 26 0.84 ± 0.47 N = 25 4.74 ± 10.77 N = 25 0.62 ± 0.05 N = 25 1.31 ± 1.87 N = 25 880.68 ± 1975.95 N = 25 6.91 ± 14.69 N = 25 1.54 ± 2.55 N = 25 3.02 ± 5.64 N = 25 2.76 ± 5.07 N = 25
C 0.93 ± 0.80 N = 26 0.79 ± 0.35 N = 25 3.38 ± 6.33 N = 25 0.61 ± 0.00 N = 25 0.99 ± 0.79 N = 25 543.20 ± 964.20 N = 25 5.15 ± 9.23 N = 25 1.21 ± 1.91 N = 25 3.26 ± 4.36 N = 25 1.77 ± 2.32 N = 25
Friedman′s statistics χ2(2) = 3.150 n.s. χ2(2) = 4.839 n.s. χ2(2) = 19.316 P <0.001*** χ2 (2) = 4.00 n.s. χ2 (2) = 10.042 P = 0.007** χ2 (2) = 38.000 P <0.001*** χ2 (2) = 27.758 P <0.001*** χ2 (2) = 5.892 n.s. χ2 (2) = 23.343 P <0.001*** χ2 (2) = 17.956 P <0.001***
Wilcoxon signed rank test P -values    AB P = 0.001*** AC P <0.001*** BC n.s.   AB n.s. AC P = 0.002 ** BC n.s. AB P <0.001*** AC P <0.001*** BC n.s. AB P <0.001*** AC P <0.001*** BC n.s.   AB P <0.001*** AC P = 0.001*** BC n.s. AB P <0.001*** AC P <0.001*** BC n.s.