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Table 3 Mean ± SEM and percentage change of selective short-chain and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in the brain homogenates of the two groups of rats. Significant level at p <0.05

From: Etiology of autistic features: the persisting neurotoxic effects of propionic acid

Fatty acid Groups Control PA Pvalue
Acetic Mean ± SEM 0.02 ± 0.003 0.07 ± 0.007 0.001
  %change 100.00 455.44  
PA Mean ± SEM 0.01 ± 0.003 0.13 ± 0.01  
  %change 100.00 1051.32  
18:2-n6 Linoleic Mean ± SEM 2.64 ± 0.1 1.79 ± 0.1  
  %change 100.00 74.88  
18:3-n6 γ-linolenic Mean ± SEM 1.33 ± 0.06 1.11 ± 0.056 0.065
  %change 100.00 83.15  
AA Mean ± SEM 0.56 ± 0.028 0.35 ± 0.021 0.004
  %change 100.00 61.89  
EPA Mean ± SEM 0.34 ± 0.04 0.16 ± 0.025  
  %change 100.00 47.38  
22:5-n3 Docosapentaenoic (clupanodonic) Mean ± SEM 1.01 ± 0.07 0.46 ± 0.025  
  %change 100.00 45.05 <0.001
22:5-n6 Docosapentaenoic (Osbond) Mean ± SEM 1.33 ± 0.16 0.93 ± 0.067  
  %change 100.00 69.98  
DHA Mean ± SEM 0.4 ± 0.05 0.16 ± 0.007  
  % change 100.00 40.2  
  1. AA arachidonic acid; DHA docosahexanoic acid; EPA eicosapentaenoic acid; PA propionic acid; SEM standard error of the mean.