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Table 1 Demographics of the study subjects

From: Cytokine profiles by peripheral blood monocytes are associated with changes in behavioral symptoms following immune insults in a subset of ASD subjects: an inflammatory subtype?

  Age (year)a Gender Ethnicity ASDbDiagnosis
Median (range) (M:F) Autism ASD PDD
ASD subjects       
ASD-IS (N = 24) 11.8 (6.0-27.0) 19:5 1 Asian, 1 mixed, 22 W 17 6 1
ASD/NFA (N = 20) 7.5 (3.3-22) 15:5 2 Asians, 2 mixed, 16 W 11 4 5
ASD/non-NFA (N = 20) 12.9 (3.6-20.5) 17:3 1 AA, 3 mixed, 16 W 12 5 1c
Non-ASD subjects     
Non-ASD/NFA (N = 16) 4.3 (1.2-20.6) 9:7 16 W
Normal control (N = 16) 10.5 (4.0-18.7) 10:6 2 mixed, 14 W
PANS (N = 18) 8.2 (5.0-15.8) 18:2 18 W
  1. aAge when the subject enrolled in the study.
  2. bAbbreviations used: AA, African-American; ASD, autism spectrum disorder; ASD-IS, ASD-inflammatory subtype; F, female; M, male; NFA, non-IgE mediated food allergy; PDD, pervasive developmental disorder, PANS, pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric disorder; W, Caucasian.
  3. cIn addition to one PDD subject, two ASD/non-NFA subjects were diagnosed with Asperger syndrome.