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Table 3 Summary of the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC), the Vineland Adaptive Behavioral Scale (VABS), and the Children’s Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ) results

From: Cytokine profiles by peripheral blood monocytes are associated with changes in behavioral symptoms following immune insults in a subset of ASD subjects: an inflammatory subtype?

ASDdstudy group ABC subscale scorea VABS PR <1c CSHQ
I (irritability) II (lethargy) IV (hyperactivity) Number (%) Total score
ASD-IS 13.7 ± 8.2b 8.9 ± 5.5 17.6 ± 8.2 18/24 (75%) 51.4 ± 5.0
ASD/NFA 15.1 ± 8.3 12.2 ± 9.8 21.1 ± 11.8 13/20 (65%) 49.7 ± 6.4
ASD/non-NFA 13.8 ± 9.6 10.1 ± 8.4 16.7 ± 10.1 16/20 (80%) 50.6 ± 7.2
  1. aABC subscales I, II, III in the ASD study groups were shown since ASD-IS children revealed changes in these scales during `flare’ states as detailed in the results section and Figure. There are no significant differences in subscales III and V among the ASD groups.
  2. bResults of the ABC subscale and CSHQ total scores are expressed as average value ± standard deviation (SD).
  3. cResults of the VABS was expressed as a number of subjects whose adaptive scale are <1st percentile rank (PR).
  4. d Abbreviations used; ASD, autism spectrum disorder; ASD-IS; ASD-inflammatory subtype; NFA, non-IgE mediated food allergy.