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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data

From: Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with psychiatric comorbidities: a place for differential neuroinflammatory interplay

  MTLE W MTLE + D MTLE + P Controls Statistics
Male (n) 10 5 8 11 No difference
Female (n) 7 10 3 3
IPI present (n) 7 10 8 n.a. No difference
IPI absent (n) 10 5 3 n.a.
Age of first seizure (years) 3.8 ± 3.3 6.3 ± 7.5 7.4 ± 8.5 n.a. No difference
Age when seizures became recurrent or age of onset (years) 10.0 ± 5.4 12.0 ± 9.7 13.5 ± 7.7 n.a. No difference
Seizure type: CPS (n) 7 9 5 n.a. No difference
Seizure type: SGS (n) 10 6 6 n.a.
Seizure frequency (monthly) 14.3 ± 11.4 12.6 ± 8.9 16.4 ± 11.2 n.a. No difference
Right HS (n) 12 9 5 n.a. No difference
Left HS (n) 5 4 5 n.a.
Bilateral HS (n) 0 2 1 n.a.
Right handedness (n) 14 14 11 n.a. No difference
Left handedness (n) 2 0 0 n.a.
Bilateral handedness (n) 1 1 0 n.a.
Memory in verbal tasks: average or above (n) 7 7 2 n.a. No difference
Memory in verbal tasks: below average (n) 10 8 9 n.a.
Memory in non-verbal tasks: average or above (n) 11 9 3 n.a. No difference
Memory in non-verbal tasks: below average (n) 6 6 8 n.a.
Full-scale IQ 85.9 ± 7.7 84.9 ± 9.3 83.4 ± 7.1 n.a. No difference
Years at school 7.1 ± 3.5 5.5 ± 3.5 6.3 ± 4.1 n.a. No difference
Age at surgery (or at death for controls) (years) 33.5 ± 8.0 37.6 ± 11.7 40.0 ± 5.9 42.6 ± 16.0 No difference
Duration of epilepsy (years) 23.9 ± 8.2 24.9 ± 13.6 26.4 ± 8.6 n.a. No difference
Collected side: right (n) 12 11 6 6 No difference
Collected side: left (n) 5 4 5 8
Surgical outcome: complete remission (n) 15 10 9 n.a. No difference
Surgical outcome: only auras and/or fewer seizures (n) 2 5 2 n.a.
  1. Values indicated as mean ± standard deviation when applicable. CPS: Complex partial seizure; HS: Hippocampal sclerosis; IPI: Initial precipitant injury; MTLE: mesial temporal lobe epilepsy; MTLE + D: MTLE + major depression; MTLE + P: MTLE + interictal psychosis; MTLEW: MTLE subjects without psychiatric history; n.a.: Not applicable; SGS: Secondarily generalized seizures.