Early increased vessel coverage by glia is followed by delayed astrocytic loss and parenchymal microgliosis. Brain cryosections of C57BL/6 CX3CR1gfp/+ mice at days 1/3/5/7/9 post-lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration were immunolabeled for astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein, GFAP, red) along with vessel marker CD31 (cluster of differentiation 31, gray). Representative confocal images of glia-endothelium interactions in pons are displayed in (A). (B,C) Area fraction per field of GFAP and CX3CR1 (green) positive staining, as well as their respective colocalization with the vessels were determined by ImageJ software (NIH, USA). Results are mean ± SEM from at least four animals. *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 vs. without (W/O) LPS.