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Fig. 5 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 5

From: Low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inhibits aggressive and augments depressive behaviours in a chronic mild stress model in mice

Fig. 5

Cytokine mRNA in the liver and blood corticosterone levels in control, stressed and LPS-treated animals. mRNA levels of a TNFα and b IL-1β were measured by qPCR in the liver of animals after either 10 days of chronic stress, an acute LPS challenge (0.1 mg/kg) or a combination of both. Corticosterone levels in blood (c) were measured by HPLC. qPCR data are expressed as relative-fold expression normalized to GAPDH and naïve mice. Bars are mean ± SEM, (n = 5 in each group), **p < 0.01 and ***p < 0.001 compared to control animals

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