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Fig. 4 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 4

From: Cortisol-induced immune suppression by a blockade of lymphocyte egress in traumatic brain injury

Fig. 4

S1P or rolipram exaggerates inflammatory responses in injured brain. IL-1β (a), CCL2 (b), CXCL10 (c), ICAM-1 (d), and TNF-α (e) were analyzed at the impact site of the cerebral cortex in 3 days after TBI by qRT-PCR. The data are expressed as means ± SEM and normalized to β-actin. n = 5, significance was measured using one-way ANOVA. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 and NS, no significance compared between indicated groups. ### P < 0.001 compared between TBI and TBI + rolipram in CCL2 and CXCL10 expression level by non-parametric Mann-Whitney t test. The experiment was repeated three times with similar results

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