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Table 7 Correlation between cytokine levels and ABC subscale 3 (stereotypy) score

From: MicroRNA expression changes in association with changes in interleukin-1ß/interleukin10 ratios produced by monocytes in autism spectrum disorders: their association with neuropsychiatric symptoms and comorbid conditions (observational study)

Stereotypy (ABC III)   IL-1ß/IL-10 ratio
Cytokines measured Stimulants High (N = 43) Normal (N = 47) Low (N = 18)
IL-1ß None 0.0104a − 0.1728 0.1151
  LPS 0.1351 − 0.0961 − 0.1328
  Zymosan 0.3671 (p < 0.05) − 0.0671 0.146
  CL097 0.5686 (p < 0.005) − 0.0675 0.1416
  ß-lactam 0.327 − 0.1262 − 0.3518
IL-6 None 0.0058 − 0.0023 − 0.0664
  LPS 0.3605 (p < 0.05) − 0.294 − 0.2102
  Zymosan 0.3321 0.1932 − 0.2323
  CL097 0.4092 (p < 0.02) − 0.2431 0.0376
  ß-lactam 0.4533 (p < 0.01) 0.0016 − 0.0066
TNF-α None 0.0037 0.065 − 0.0944
  LPS 0.2059 0.2085 − 0.0243
  Zymosan 0.2343 0.2385 0.1416
  CL097 0.2302 0.0841 − 0.312
  ß-lactam 0.1778 0.1369 − 0.3429
IL-10 None 0.0849 0.0562 0.4867
  LPS − 0.1605 0.0094 0.5155 (p = 0.0592)
  Zymosan − 0.0049 0.2030 0.1018
  CL097 0.2465 − 0.1753 − 0.0288
  ß-lactam − 0.0879 0.1662 0.0133
  1. aCorrelation coefficient by Spearman’s test between cytokine levels and scores of ABC subscale III (stereotypy). Stimulants used for cultures are shown in the column 2