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Fig. 3 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 3

From: Lewy body-like alpha-synuclein inclusions trigger reactive microgliosis prior to nigral degeneration

Fig. 3

α-syn PFF-seeded synucleinopathy induces protracted, significant bilateral loss of SNc dopamine neurons. ad Unilateral intrastriatal α-syn PFF injection induces visible loss of THir neurons (brown) in the SN at 6 months compared to an age-matched, PBS-injected control. Scale bars (a, c) = 25 μm. e Stereological assessment of THir neuron loss at 2, 4, 5, and 6 months following α-syn PFF or saline injection. Significant ipsilateral reduction in THir neurons was observed at 5 and 6 months postinjection compared to saline-injected controls with significant contralateral loss at 5 months *p < 0.027 compared to respective PBS hemisphere, **p < 0.013 compared to respective PBS hemisphere. f Correlation between extent of ipsilateral THir neuron loss and contralateral loss as compared to PBS control (r = 0.8855, p = 0.0007, R2 = 0.7842). g Stereological assessment of NeuNir neurons reveals overt degeneration distinct from loss of TH phenotype, *p < 0.03 compared to ipsilateral PBS. h Representative IHC of NeuNir neurons (brown, arrows) in the SNc in PBS (left) and PFF injected (right) animals 6 months p.i. i Stereological assessment of THir neurons at 2 months p.i. reveals no significant acute toxicity from injection of rat serum albumin (RSA). Data represent mean ± SEM. Abbreviations: PFF = pre-formed alpha-synuclein fibrils; p.i. = postinjection; ipsilateral = ipsilateral hemisphere relative to injection; contralateral = contralateral hemisphere relative to injection; SNc = substantia nigra pars compacta; SNr = substantia nigra pars reticulata; Neu-Nir = neuronal nuclei immunoreactive; SEM = standard error of the mean; THir = tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive; PFFs = pre-formed alpha-synuclein fibrils; PBS = phosphate-buffered saline; RSA = rat serum albumin

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