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Fig. 6 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 6

From: Laquinimod protects the optic nerve and retina in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model

Fig. 6

Less retinal microglia and macrophages under laquinimod treatment. a Exemplary staining of retinal Tmem119 (microglia) and Iba1 (phagocytes). b Iba 1 antibody (red) and F4/80 antibody (green) were co-stained to select cells with macrophage function. c Numbers of phagocytes/mm. d Numbers of cells with macrophage function/mm. e Iba1 expression compared to the control group. f Iba1 expression compared to the EAE group. g Tmem119 expression compared to control. h Tmem119 expression compared to EAE. i Expression of active microglia marker AMWAP compared to the control group. j AMWAP expression compared to EAE. k Macrophage marker CD68 expression compared to the control group. l CD68 expression compared to EAE. Values represent mean ± SD in c and d and median, interquartile range, range in el. One-way ANOVA plus Tukey post hoc for c and d; pairwise fixed reallocation and randomization test for el. N = 6–7/group in bd and n = 5/group in el. *p < 0.01, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. Scale bars: 20 μm. NFL = nerve fiber layer, GCL = ganglion cell layer, IPL = inner plexiform layer, INL = inner nuclear layer, OPL = outer plexiform layer

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