Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Plasma endotoxin levels in different conditions and endotoxin levels causing various effects

From: The endotoxin hypothesis of neurodegeneration

Condition Endotoxin level Ref:
Healthy humans 10 ± 20 pg/ml [7, 8]
Atherosclerosis 30 pg/ml [8]
Peridonitis 45 pg/ml [9]
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 45 pg/ml [10]
Liver cirrhosis 60 pg/ml [11]
Alzheimer’s disease 60 pg/ml [10]
HIV infection/AIDS 70 pg/ml [12]
Sepsis 500 pg/ml [13]
Monocyte and endothelial activation 10 pg/ml (added to isolated blood) [14]
Microglial activation, blood cytokines and sickness behaviour 1 ng/kg (~ 15 pg/ml, iv injected) [15]