Skip to main content
Fig. 3 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 3

From: Supplement of microbiota-accessible carbohydrates prevents neuroinflammation and cognitive decline by improving the gut microbiota-brain axis in diet-induced obese mice

Fig. 3

Diet rich in microbiota-accessible carbohydrate reduced colonic and systemic inflammation. a The quantification of colon length was statistically analyzed (n = 9) and representative images of colons. bd mRNA expression levels of TNFα, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the colon (n = 5). eg TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels in the serum (n = 10). h–j The serum levels of acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid (n = 6). Values are mean ± SEM. *p < 0.05 vs. Control (Con). #p < 0.05 vs. high-fat and fiber-deficient (HF-FD)

Back to article page