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Fig. 4 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 4

From: Oleanolic acid ameliorates intestinal alterations associated with EAE

Fig. 4

OA treatment modulates inflammatory parameters in colon tissue from EAE mice. Levels in colon of a the inflammatory mediators TNFα, IL-1β, IL-23, IL-17, IGF-1, GM-SCF, and KC. b The Th2-type cytokine IL-23 and c the atypical cytokines IL-25 and IL-33 quantified by ELISAs. d Protein expression of NLRP6 and p-P65-NFκB in colon assessed by western blot. Bar graphs represent the mean ± SEM of 5–7 animals. *p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, and ***p < 0.05 vs control; and p < 0.001, ‡‡p < 0.01, and ‡‡‡p < 0.05 vs untreated-EAE. C, healthy mice. C + OA, healthy mice treated with OA. EAE, induced mice. EAE + OA, induced-mice treated with OA

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