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Fig. 5 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 5

From: The psychoactive drug of abuse mephedrone differentially disrupts blood-brain barrier properties

Fig. 5

Mephedrone induces angiogenic mechanisms. ELISA was used to measure the concentrations of secreted angiogenic growth factors: PDGF-BB (a) and VEGF-A (b) in cell culture medium of hBMVEC treated with 10 μM mephedrone for 24 h. Data shown as the mean concentration ± SEM expressed in pg/mL. Experiments were independently performed three times. Within each individual experimental set, primary cells from three different donors were used (n = 9)

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