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Fig. 1 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 1

From: VMP1, a novel prognostic biomarker, contributes to glioma development by regulating autophagy

Fig. 1

Associations between VMP1 expression and clinicopathological features. A Box diagram of VMP1 gene expression in LGG, GBM, and normal tissues. Violin plot of VMP1 gene expression for grades 2–4 in TCGA (B), CGGA (C), and GSE16011 (D) datasets. The black horizontal line represents the median gene expression level for each grade, and the upper and lower edges in the white box represent the upper and lower quartiles in the data set. The violin graph can also reflect the data density, where a more concentrated data set yields a broader graph. E Immunohistochemical analysis of VMP1 protein expression for different grades. Box diagram of VMP1 gene expression with respect to different clinical pathological features, including the IDH status (F), 1p/19q codeletion (G), TERT status (H), and MGMT promoter status (I). P-values were determined using Wilcoxon tests (*P < 0.05; ***P < 0.001; ****P < 0.0001)

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