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Fig. 3 | Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fig. 3

From: Vagus nerve stimulation modulates hippocampal inflammation caused by continuous stress in rats

Fig. 3

taken from the hilus region and the striatum radiatum areas of CA3 and CA1 pyramidal cells. C Quantification of branch length of microglial cells. Branch length was averaged by measuring randomly selected 15–20 cells per animal and the data from 4 independent animal preparations were compared among experimental groups. **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 (One-way ANOVA)

Microglial activation in the hippocampus of CS animals is controlled by aVNS. A Western blot analysis of Iba-1 protein. Upper images are the representatives from four independent experiments. Quantification of protein band intensity relative to actin is plotted (lower panel). B Immunofluorescence view of Iba-1-labeled microglial cells. For three experimental groups, representative cell images were

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