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Table 2 Absolute leukocyte counts and relative subset proportions in TBI patients and controls.

From: Prehospital resuscitation with hypertonic saline-dextran modulates inflammatory, coagulation and endothelial activation marker profiles in severe traumatic brain injured patients

Parameter    HSD    NS  
  Control Adm (≤ 3 h) 12 h 24 h 48 h Adm (≤ 3 h) 12 h 24 h 48 h
Leukocytes          
Counts1 5.7 ± 0.1 13.0 ± 0.1* † 11.3 ± 0.3* 11.4 ± 0.6* 10.4 ± 0.2* 18.1 ± 0.8* 12.3 ± 0.6* 11.5 ± 0.2* 11.4 ± 0.5*
PMNs          
Counts 3.5 ± 0.1 10.8 ± 0.3* † 9.4 ± 0.1* 9.6 ± 0.2* 8.8 ± 0.1* 15.8 ± 0.4* 10.7 ± 0.2* 9.7 ± 0.1* 9.8 ± 0.1*
% 60.8 ± 0.6 82.4 ± 0.6* 83.5 ± 0.5* 83.5 ± 0.8* 83.9 ± 0.3* 86.5 ± 1.0* 86.3 ± 0.8* 84.1 ± 0.6* 85.4 ± 0.5*
Monocytes          
Counts 0.29 ± 0.01 0.54 ± 0.02* † 0.59 ± 0.03* 0.52 ± 0.02* 0.50 ± 0.04* 0.74 ± 0.04* 0.63 ± 0.02* 0.57 ± 0.03* 0.61 ± 0.01*
% 5.03 ± 0.13 4.37 ± 0.14 5.06 ± 0.13 4.64 ± 0.11 5.02 ± 0.12 4.14 ± 0.11 4.30 ± 0.12 5.27 ± 0.13 5.32 ± 0.11
  1. 1Mean ± standard error mean (SEM) cell concentrations (×109/L).
  2. *P < 0.05 vs age-matched healthy controls; P < 0.05 vs time-matched NS-treated patients by ANOVA