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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the cohort.

From: Serum lipid profiles are associated with disability and MRI outcomes in multiple sclerosis

Demographic Variables Value
Females: Males (% Female) 370: 122 (75.2%)
MS course:  
   Relapsing-remitting 395 (80.3%)
   Secondary progressive 82 (16.6%)
   Primary progressive 15 (3.0%)
Age*, years 47.1 ± 10.8
Disease duration*, years 12.8 ± 10.1
Median EDSS* (IQR) 2.50 (2.50)
MSSS 3.79 ± 2.46
Time to follow-up, years 2.2 ± 1.0
Statin usage§ 109/491 (22.2%)
Lipid Profile Variables  
Body mass index, kg/m2 27.8 ± 6.5
HDL, mg/dL 55.2 ± 16.6
LDL, mg/dL 116 ± 32.8
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 197 ± 38.1
Triglycerides, mg/dL 133 ± 82.0
Cholesterol to HDL ratio 3.85 ± 1.30
MRI Characteristics  
CEL present 29/197 (14.7%)
CEL number 0.52 ± 0.15
CE-LV, cm3 0.032 ± 0.13
T2-LV, cm3 14.0 ± 14.7
T1-LV, cm3 3.1 ± 5.4
BPF 0.856 ± 0.0285
  1. The continuous variables expressed as mean ± SD and categorical variables as frequency (%).
  2. * At baseline lipid profile assessment. §Statin usage status unavailable for one patient.