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Table 2 Comorbid conditions of the study subjects

From: Cytokine profiles by peripheral blood monocytes are associated with changes in behavioral symptoms following immune insults in a subset of ASD subjects: an inflammatory subtype?

  Seizure disorder Autoimmune conditions Allergic rhinitis Asthma Ab deficiency
ASD c subjects     Atopic Non-atopic  
ASD-IS (N = 24) 4/24 2/24a 2/24 0 3/24 3/24b
ASD/NFA (N = 20) 2/20 0 3/20 1/20 0 0
ASD/non-NFA (N = 20) 1/20 0 0 0 0 0
Non-ASD subjects       
Non-ASD/NFA (N = 16) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal control (N = 16) 0 0 3/16 1/16 1/16 0
PANS (N = 18) 0 0 3/18 0 0 2/18
  1. aOne subject was diagnosed with psoriasis and another subject was diagnosed with anti-phospholipid syndrome.
  2. bAll subjects diagnosed with antibody deficiency syndrome were on IVIG treatment at the time of sample obtainment. All the subjects were shown to have severely impaired responses to Pneumovax’.
  3. c Abbreviations used; Ab, antibody; ASD, autism spectrum disorder; ASD-IS, ASD-inflammatory subtype; NFA, non-IgE mediated food allergy; PANS, pediatric acute onset neuropsychiatric syndrome.